Service of Luck III

October 8th, 2015

Categories: Luck, Retail, Transportation

Four leaf clover

I barely caught the Third Avenue express bus back to my office after a visit to Trader Joe yesterday. A wheelchair passenger had just settled and the original line of passengers had dwindled to two. While gathering my packages in one hand to free the other to hold my MetroCard while running, I saw a gray leather or plastic tote leaning against the bus shelter. I asked the driver to alert the passengers over the loudspeaker.  Instead he closed the door, shrugged, mumbled something and drove on. I hope its owner meant to leave the portfolio there for someone else to use. I will never know.

NYC bus shelterThe lost tote resonated with me.

Returning home from work one night recently I was loaded down and stopped by Food Emporium on Second Avenue and 51st Street to pick up one last item—a mistake. At the checkout counter I put down my load to fish out my wallet. I was almost home when I realized that although encumbered more than usual, something was missing: I’d left my laptop at the grocery store, tucked in the space to fill shopping bags.

Food EmporiumAs fast as I could walk—I was closer to home than to 51st Street–I dropped off my bags with the doorman. My husband immediately alerted the store [as soon as my hands and arms were free I called and asked him to do this], as I ran to the store. I entered the checkout line and a young man said, “Here she is!” [Was my hair standing on end? Was the anxious look on my face so obvious?] Sheryl the cashier held up my laptop as a football player might having made a touchdown, enjoying the reunion–I hugged the computer in its black cover as I thanked her profusely. I was SO LUCKY.

When I returned to the apartment the doorman told me he’d forgotten a shopping bag full of wine he’d put on the ground to free his hands to use an ATM machine. The bag was gone when he returned for it.

Have you enjoyed some luck lately? Has someone returned a lost item to you or like the doorman and maybe the owner of the tote at the bus stop, did a moment’s forgetfulness have unhappy results?

Lost found

Service of Feeling Indecisive or Rejected? An Over the Counter Pain Pill Can Fix That

October 5th, 2015

Categories: Health, Side Effects


You probably know this if you read health journals but I don’t read them and therefore I didn’t know: A side effect of over the counter [OTC] pain meds that contain acetaminophen such as Tylenol or Excedrin can do more than kill pain. It seems that the drug can make an indecisive person resolute and a rejected person feel less castoff and abandoned.

Not all the side effects are that good. As the title of Susan Pinker’s article hints at, “Less Pain, Less Joy: New Look at Acetaminophen,” the drug “muffles your happiness too” as an “all-purpose damper, stifling a range of strong feelings.”

Five years ago, according to Pinker, two psychologists reported that three weeks OTC pain medson one of these OTCs, “soothed social pain like feelings of exclusion or ridicule.” [The article doesn't say nor do I know whether taking such a drug for that long could negatively affect your stomach or cause other unwanted physical reactions.]

And in a recent study researchers found that the “more intense the emotions, the more acetaminophen muted them.” The drug “alters the circuits that govern our emotional responses,” Pinker wrote.

Feeling left outI’m an Advil advocate–Tylenol has zero impact on headaches or pain for me–and Pinker says researchers have yet to study side effects of OTCs with ibuprofen like Advil or Motrin. Who knows: Maybe if I take Advil over a long  enough period of time I might get good at math or ignore the psychological smacks of thoughtless people. One can always hope.

Are you under the impression that OTC drugs are benign? Have you noticed mood changes or a different outlook if you’ve been on an OTC drug of any kind for a period of time? I doubt psychological side effects are posted on OTC pill boxes, but are you diligent in reading potential side effects on remedies you pick up at the drugstore?


 At drug store

Service of Scheduling Stand-Ins and Stretches

October 1st, 2015

Categories: Health, Office, Office Design

Sit at desk

There are days when suddenly it’s 6 pm and I realize I’ve not left the office for a second—or my desk chair more than twice. This week after a day like this my eye caught yet another article about the dangers of sitting too long in one place. A few months ago there had been a rash of them promoting that people ask employers to buy them an architect’s drafting desk so they could stand at work, perhaps encouraged by a furniture manufacturer.

Sumathi Reddy wrote: “studies have found that sedentary behavior including sitting for extended periods, increases the risk for developing dozens of chronic conditions, from cancer and diabetes to cardiovascular disease and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.”

It appears to be serious. She wrote in her Wall Street Journal article “The Price We Pay for Sitting Too Much: New formulas for how long we should spend sitting and standing in a workday” that “Various studies have shown that even regular exercise won’t compensate for the negative effects from sitting too much during the day.” She shared insight of John Buckley, a professor of applied exercise science at the University of Chester in England. “Sitting causes physiological changes in the body, and may trigger some genetic factors that are linked to inflammation and chronic conditions such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease. In contrast, standing activates muscles so excess amounts of blood glucose don’t hang around in the bloodstream and are instead absorbed in the muscles, he said.”

Stretch in officeSo what I suspected all along is true: that marathon sitting binges to get a project under control may be good for peace of mind but not for me. But the advice in Reddy’s article isn’t practical. Alan Hedge, a professor of ergonomics at Cornell University suggests breaking up the work day. “For every half-hour working in an office, people should sit for 20 minutes, stand for eight minutes and then move around and stretch for two minutes. I’m sure he’s right, but who has the time? You may be ready for your eight minute break but a colleague may not be ready for your visit. So what do you do for those eight minutes to accomplish what you’re paid for? You may catch up on your phone calls to friends–which after a while they’ll resent–but what about work?

Standing while workingShe also shared a panel’s guidelines published in The British Journal of Sports Medicine to stand two to four hours along with “light activity spread throughout the day.” That works if you’re a sports pro but for people with office-based jobs? She continued, “And research from NASA has found that standing up for two minutes 16 times a day while at work is an effective strategy for maintaining bone and muscle density, Dr. Hedge says.” You could stand during phone conversations if you didn’t have to take notes but few people make 16 calls a day.

Do you think that bosses in offices will encourage staffers to get up and down countless times daily to save on future medical costs and lost workdays due to illness? Are you able to do this? Can a person concentrate if he/she must leave the computer for eight minutes every 30 minutes and at the end of the day, have they accomplished as much as before? Are there other situations in which the solutions to avert a potential health issue aren’t complicated yet because they are cumbersome, impractical, or distracting, people may have a hard time changing their habits? Why do you think that we are hearing more and more about this dangerous situation now?

health risk


Service of Conflict of Interest III: Link Between Executive Stock Options & Product Recalls

September 28th, 2015

Categories: Conflict of Interest, Executive Compensation, Investment, Product Recall, Stock Options, Workplace Fatalities



Gretchen Morgenson shared highlights of a University of Notre Dame seven year study, “Throwing Caution to the Wind: The Effect of C.E.O. Stock Option Pay on the Incidence of Product Safety Problems.” It focused on two industries that represented 85+ percent of recalls reported by the Food & Drug Administration [FDA]: Consumer staples like personal care, food and drink and health care products such as medical devices and meds. In addition, the companies had sales and assets of $10 million or more. It did not name companies associated with the 386 chief executives in the study.

FDAAccording to Morgenson, the authors concluded: “ ‘C.E.O. option pay was associated with both a higher likelihood of experiencing a recall as well as a higher number of recalls.’”

In her New York Times article, “Safety Suffers In Executive Pay Packages,” Morgenson observed that grousing about excessive executive pay packages is nothing new for stockholders. The significance of this study is that consumers are also losers with what Morgenson described as “This heads-I-win, tails-I-barely-lose arrangement [that] encourages executives to swing for the fences.” 

I first heard "heads I win, tails you lose" on The Honeymooners

I first heard “heads I win, tails you lose” on The Honeymooners

She explained: “Stock options have been the jet fuel propelling some of the biggest executive pay packages over the years. From an investor’s point of view, these instruments are problematic because they provide an executive with little downside if the company’s underlying shares fall but oodles of upside on the rise.”

Quoting one of the authors of the study, Adam J. Wowak, Morgenson wrote: “that he and his colleagues wanted to build on past analyses of how stock options induce risk-taking among executives.  ‘If options are generally causing C.E.O.s to be more aggressive, then it makes sense that more mistakes could occur and consumers could be affected,’ Mr. Wowak said. ‘Options could be making C.E.O.s ignore the downside potential of some of their actions.’”

Morgenson concluded that corporate boards “say they have gotten the picture that chief executives’ pay should be aligned with their owners’ interests. As this new study shows, directors should understand that executive pay needs to line up with consumers’ interests as well.”

I wonder whether the uptick in workplace fatalities reported recently in preliminary Labor Department statistics might also be related. According to Alexandra Berzon in The Wall Street Journal, “The preliminary estimates indicate an increase in fatal injuries last year, to 4,679, compared with 4,585 workplace deaths the year before. Including the expected revisions, the total number of deaths last year was likely higher than the approximately 4,700 deaths recorded in 2010 and 2011. It was the worst year for workplace fatalities since 2008, which had 5,214 deaths.”

Do you have faith that corporate boards and stockholders, many of whom think that they and theirs are immune to harm by faulty products, will acknowledge the relationship between product safety and stock option compensation for executives and lower or eliminate them? Do you think that  most executives who condone sloppy work to lower costs feel remorse or is this another case of “business is business, we’re hired to make a profit and benefit the stockholders, so lay off.”

Business is business

Service of a Glacial Pace When it Comes to Food Safety: Key Word–Preventable

September 24th, 2015

Categories: Food, Food Safety, Laws


Even advocates of the Slow Movement might agree that it’s taken far too long for the Food and Drug Administration to create and implement rules for the five year old Food Safety Modernization Act. Congress passed the act, wrote Jesse Newman, “after a wave of deadly outbreaks in the past decade stemming from contaminated fruit, spinach, peanut butter and other products.”

So hurry up, already, before someone else gets sick and/or dies!

With the new rules, the feds can take action before—not after—foods are found to be tainted. Newman added that manufacturers will have to “detail in writing” their food-safety steps. But don’t breathe sighs of relief just yet. According to Newman, food companies large and small have until 2018 to comply, though the larger ones must move more quickly.

And then there’s insufficient funding. More about that later.

Food safetyIn “FDA Tightens Its Food-Safety Rules,” Newman wrote: “About 48 million people, or one in six Americans, get sick each year from foodborne diseases, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. About 128,000 people are hospitalized, and 3,000 die annually.”

Those made ill from tainted peanut butter who are still alive might find solace in this week’s Associated Press [AP] headline “Ex-Peanut Exec gets 28 Years in Prison for Deadly Salmonella Outbreak.” The executive, Stewart Parnell, was the owner of Peanut Corporation of America. According to the AP, this was “the stiffest punishment ever handed out to a producer in a foodborne illness case. The outbreak in 2008 and 2009 killed nine Americans and sickened hundreds more, and triggered one of the largest food recalls in U.S. history.”

PeanutsParnell knew that he’d shipped contaminated peanut butter, the federal jury determined. The AP reported that Judge W. Louis Sands said, “‘These acts were driven simply by the desire to profit and to protect profits notwithstanding the known risks.”

The killer is that these incidents needn’t happen. “Largely preventable” were the words the FDA deputy commissioner for food and veterinary medicine used in Newman’s article. The reporter mentioned the latest listeria outbreak in ice cream that killed three people and the fact that “Blue Bell neglected practices that might have prevented listeria contamination.” And then there were the Mexican cucumbers that contained salmonella and lately made people sick in 30 states.

PreventableBut there’s another snag: Insufficient funding. The FDA says it needs $260 million to implement the rules but House and Senate appropriations bills for 2016 are under $100 million. Maybe they can take some money from health insurers who have to pay the hospital and medical bills of people who didn’t have to get sick in the first place.

Given that members of Congress and the FDA and their families eat food, and we clearly can’t depend on manufacturers to take the right steps on their own, I’m puzzled at the sluggish pace they’ve agreed to to avert preventable, potentially life-threatening measures. And you? Is there a better way? Have you ever been made sick by tainted food? Isn’t it incredible that due to lack of responsibility of so many we even need such regulations?

vintage family eating dinner

Service of Empty Shelves—Or Is That Empty Suits?

September 21st, 2015

Categories: Bankruptcy, Food, Retail

A & P empty shelves Sept 2015

I began to catch up with the A&P bankruptcy story in the New York Post on September 1 when Lisa Fickenscher reported an eye-opener: The company that went into bankruptcy in July wanted to squeeze 75 percent out of the severance packages of 2,100 workers to increase a fund for 495 executive retention bonuses. They hoped to divide a $5 million pot.

In “Judge slaps A&P by limiting severance cuts,” she wrote that Judge Robert Drain’s ruling reduced the percentage to 48 percent. According to Fickenscher, one union official said “I don’t see any purpose in rewarding the same people who drove this company into bankruptcy.”

The Great Atlantic & Pacific Tea Company umbrella, which we know as A&P, includes stores named A&P, Pathmark, Food Basics, Waldbaums, Food Emporium, and SuperFresh which it plans to sell or close.

Money 4Subsequent to this ruling—just before a September 11th hearing–A&P reduced its request for executive retention bonuses from $5 million for 495 people to $3.9 million for 468, according to Joan Verdon in In the second ruling Judge Drain said he’d approve the $3.9 million if the company added $1.1 million to “severance payments, which would go mostly to union workers.” In “A&P Increases Severance Payments” she wrote: “Drain said in considering A&P’s request for the retention pay, he felt as if he was picturing a line of 25,000 union workers standing in front of him ‘and I’m being asked to poke each one of them in the eye.’”

The corporation’s lawyer said he’d carry the judge’s ruling back to his client.

A&P CoffeeI have a personal history with the A&P. I went to one almost daily with my mother as a young child—it was down the street from our apartment—and now, in upstate New York,  I drop into one every weekend. Seeing this once venerable brand disintegrate makes me sad. According to Wikipedia, it was “the largest retailer in the nation” from 1915-1965. It was the largest food retailer from 1915-1975. It was founded in New York in 1859 as a chain of coffee and tea stores with a mail order business.

Last weekend in one of its Dutchess County stores, some of its shelves were empty. As an example, see the soda area, [photo at the top of the post], and it no longer carries brands such as Häagen-Dazs ice cream [just as well], yet its employees are as helpful and pleasant as always.

What are the advantages of going into bankruptcy? Customers and employees are the last on management’s mind. Suppliers are understandably reticent to sell goods to a company that might not pay its bills. Potential buyers don’t see the bankrupted company at its best. In an era of limited customer loyalty and plenty of competition, not finding what they want on the shelves of one store customers will quickly forge a path to another one. So who wins?


Service of Wine: Protocol & Practice

September 17th, 2015

Categories: Restaurant, Retail, Wine

Serving wine 1

Wine expert Lettie Teague covered “7 Habits of Annoying Wine People, Readers’ Edition,” in The Wall Street Journal. [She’d written about her own peeves in an earlier article.] I agreed with some of the grievances and was curious about others.

Like her readers I also am irritated when given harsh tasting house wine by-the-glass, reminiscent of nail polish remover, when a restaurant has countless toothsome low-priced choices to pick from these days. At fundraisers wine often tastes atrocious, equally unacceptable for the same reason.

wine glasses 1Readers told Teague they’d been served fabulous, expensive wine in crummy glasses which spoiled the impact and taste of the vintage. This hasn’t happened to me.

They were understandably perturbed when they’d bought a wine touted on a card in a store by “critics [who] rated [a wine] 95 out of 100 points only to find that it’s not the actual wine they were rating.” I don’t buy wines of this caliber so have missed the bait-and-switch, as Teague called this blunder, in which the copy about the top-rated, promoted wine applies to the previous year’s vintage, not the bottle on the shelf.

waiter with wineHer readers complained that too many sommeliers automatically hand the wine list to a man when they should ask who, at the table, would like to order it. When Teague chooses the wine, the server regularly gives the first taste to her husband. Her pique increases when her husband actually tastes it!

She also wrote about extravagant corkage fees: “As many as 80% of the restaurants in New Jersey don’t have liquor licenses, due to the state’s antiquated liquor laws. Most observe a bring-your-own-bottle policy, and legally, they aren’t allowed to charge a corkage fee.” But they can in Manhattan where Teague has seen them as high as $150 at Per Se, but generally, she wrote, they range between $35 and $50. She reported that restaurants like Le Bernadin don’t permit visiting wines at any price.

I go back and forth on the next situation though from a slightly different perspective. Teague asks: “As a guest, if you bring along a nice bottle, shouldn’t you expect to be served something as good in return?” I ask: “Should you serve a wine a friend brings?” My husband collected wine over the years. Today, some bottles are a rare treat. He opens a special bottle just before guests arrive so the wine has time to breathe. At the same time, we want to honor a gift.

champagne in bucketTeague continued, “Some might argue that a guest should not expect to drink the bottle he or she brings, with which I agree in principle, although this doesn’t make it any less painful to trade a lovely Grand Cru Chablis for a bottle of $10 Concha y Toro Chardonnay.” A friend of hers brought chilled Champagne in an ice bucket expecting the host to take the hint and open it but instead he put away the bubbly and that was that.

Like Teague I was surprised by the complaint about staff in wine tasting rooms wearing strong perfume. I don’t care for powerful scents anywhere—in an office, plane or meeting room—and especially not near food or wine. It gives me a headache. I love freesia but would never use them in a centerpiece as the sweet scent can overpower food and bother some guests.

Do you have other wine-related likes and dislikes? Do you agree/disagree with those of the Journal’s readers?

 serving wine 2

Service of Debt Collection

September 14th, 2015

Categories: Anger, Cheating, Debt, Errors in Judgment, Fair and Square, Small Business, Trust, Writers

where's my money

I read this on a Facebook posting on September 10: If you write for _______, please beware. I filed my invoice on June 1 and still have not been paid. The editor gave me the wrong info on who to send my invoice to–twice! I’ve sent numerous emails and it’s been so time consuming trying to collect my money.

“I got a few emails from their accounts payable dept. saying all my info was in and I should be getting a check soon. Today, I checked on it and was told that they do not have all of my paperwork. I finally heard back from the editor and she said, ‘I really hope you won’t tell people not to write for us because of $300.’ I’m not telling you not to write for them. I just–at this point–really dislike them. I just want you to beware.

Social mediaWriting about this kind of exploitation infuriates me as do people who either play games, working the float on small fry suppliers making them wait for months or worse—ordering work they know they can’t/won’t/don’t plan to pay for.

I’ve written before about a writer friend who was stiffed a fee in the middle five figures by people she knew in an industry in which she was well known, causing such havoc on her finances that she had to move precipitately to another/less expensive city where she didn’t know a soul. The company was going bankrupt and the owners took advantage of her. This was years ago and I still want to take a shower when I think of them.

I knew a flim-flamer who told a graphic designer he worked with for years, “You designed those logos on spec,” when nothing of the kind had been said. Contracts don’t protect you: They cost too much in time and/or lawyer’s fees to defend in court. I’ve not been immune nor have other honorable, hardworking colleagues in PR who provided topnotch counsel, creativity and results.

The typical victim is not too big to fail so who cares?

I used to see typed or handwritten names of people on bits of paper taped to grocery store cash registers representing customers whose checks the cashier was forbidden to accept. Because the honor system doesn’t work so well, instituting a similar online virtual list, by industry, of individuals and companies who have swindled others wouldn’t be viable. People who disliked or were jealous of someone could add a name that shouldn’t belong and anyway, nobody is guilty here without a trial.

taking candy from a babyWhat’s the difference between these perpetrators and youngsters who mug the elderly or adults who abuse children?

What do you think about resorting to social media to accelerate/stimulate/embarrass a company to pay? Before hiring someone, even for a project, smart employers check a person or company’s Facebook, Twitter and other social media pages where they’d see such postings. The writer in the intro was angry and rightly so, but would a reputation of blabbing to the world about a grievance frighten away future clients?


Service of Loyalty and Respect: The 2015 American Team at the Presidents Cup

September 10th, 2015

Categories: Golf, Good Sportsmanship, Sports, Sportsmanship


Phil Mickelson Photo

Phil Mickelson Photo

My husband, Homer Byington, a golf fan, sent this to me. One reason he follows golf is because of its history of good sportsmanship. He says it’s the only sport in which a player is honor bound to report his/her mistake.

What happened on Tuesday struck a welcome note in today’s “Win at all costs/you’re a total loser if you don’t” climate and approach that applies to more than sports these days—i.e. to politics, the arts, and business as well.

If you don’t follow golf, this year is the Presidents Cup, a challenge between American and international golf teams in Incheon, South Korea. Next year will be the Ryder Cup, a competition between the American and European teams.

Homer wrote:

Jay Haas, Photo:

Jay Haas, Photo:

I am flabbergasted. In this crass, selfish world of money grubbing athletes, the richest golf pros have put sentiment ahead of self-interest.

Every other year a team of 12 American pro golfers either plays a team of 12 European golfers or 12 international golfers. Competition is fierce to make the team, because of the prestige that comes from being a part of it.

The 12 player teams are chosen 10 statistically from the players with the best records and two by each team’s captain, an appointed older, non-playing golfer.

For 20 consecutive years, Phil Mickelson, 45, played well enough to make the American team statistically, a record few, if any, can match. This year he has played terribly, and his ranking has fallen all the way to 30th so he did not make the team statistically. Furthermore, there are at least 10 other Americans that also did not make the team, who have been playing better than he has, and theoretically, if chosen by the captain, would give the American team a better chance of winning.

Jordan Spieth, 22, No. 1 in world golf ranking. Photo:

Jordan Spieth, 22, No. 1 in world golf ranking. Photo:

This [Tuesday] afternoon, Captain Jay Haas of the American Team picked Phil as his first “Captain’s Pick,” as he said, “The guys on the team were adamant that Phil was the guy.”

Phil will probably play badly and the Americans may well lose the cup because of their choice, but what a way to lose it!

And I had thought Americans, particularly young ones, only cared about money and winning.

This decision has its roots in good sportsmanship, and represents recognition of an admired colleague’s contributions to a game.  There’s also encouragement—”we know you can do it”–in their choice. They have confidence Michelson still has it in him. 

Can you think of other examples either in sports, politics, the arts or business where young winners acknowledge the value of an older, recently less successful competitor who once led the pack? Do you think the team was nuts to add Mickelson?

Presidents Cup



Service of Color Me Red

September 8th, 2015

Categories: Adult Coloring Books, Art, Art Therapy, Therapy

artist's paletteGoogle defines art therapy as “A form of psychotherapy involving the encouragement of free self-expression through painting, drawing, or modeling, used as a remedial activity or an aid to diagnosis.” So how can manufacturers of adult coloring books make a claim that this activity is the same when it is similar to playing solitaire or hooking rugs: An effective way to unwind and distract but far from free self expression? Well, they do. 

In “Experts Warn Adult Coloring Books Are Not Art Therapy” on, Sarah Cascone wrote “Experts are questioning the therapeutic benefits of adult coloring books, one of 2015′s biggest and perhaps most-unexpected art trends, widely touted for its stress-relieving benefits.” According to Cascone the assertion “went mainstream,” with “Secret Garden: An Inky Treasure Hunt & Coloring Book,” by Johanna Basford, the top Amazon best-seller in the self-help category.

Pocket Posh Coloring Book, Photo:

Pocket Posh Coloring Book, Photo:

Cascone quoted Lesley O’Mara, the managing director of Michael O’Mara Books from a New Yorker article, “‘We’ve never seen a phenomenon like it in our thirty years of publishing. . . . Just can’t keep them in print fast enough.’ They have 24 titles in the category.

“‘We imagined the books would appeal to adults looking to relax. But we never expected the responses we’ve received from people battling serious medical conditions,’ editorial director Jeannine Dillon told PW [Publishers Weekly] of the Zen series, which sold over 275,000 copies over just six months this year.

“Susanne Fincher, art therapist and author of the Coloring Mandalas series, sees coloring books as a useful supplement to art therapy treatment. They ‘can empower a client to manage thoughts and feelings on their own with the positive activity of coloring, instead of, for example, overeating or abusing substances,’ she said to CNN.”

Additional evidence of the growing trend: There’s a National Coloring Day in August and claims by the president of the PTSD Survivors of America that coloring counteracts “the hyperactivity of the region of the brain called the amygdala, which controls the fear response,” Cascone wrote.

She asked: How much can coloring books really do for your mental well-being? Jane O’Sullivan who directs the MA mental health program at the  University of Queensland said “‘It’s a nice technique really that some art therapists sometimes use as a way to get started with someone, but art therapy is a lot more involved than that. I think if someone was to say coloring-in books are art therapy, [that] is not accurate.’”

Rug hooking amillionlives.netMy great aunt hooked rugs. She didn’t paint the design yet was skilled at her task. She made a magnificent round one featuring an enormous poppy for a niece who was an interior decorator. The niece commissioned an artist who painted the design. Calming, yes, with a bonus that solitaire doesn’t have: She had something to show for her work. But art?

My dad spent months in an Army hospital after World War II. He told me that severely injured soldiers who could still move their hands and arms were taught to knit so that they’d experience a sense of accomplishment. I think rug hooking and book coloring fall into a calming nerves category which is where the therapeutic value lies, but I think a reference to art is a stretch. If the Google definition is accurate, coloring within lines doesn’t fit the description of “free self-expression,” do you think?  


Photo: uncleguidosfacts

Photo: uncleguidosfacts


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